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Bernard Membe’s Race to President: A Timeline

The marriage between ACT-Wazalendo and Mr Membe seems to be short-lived, but how did it start? 

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ACT-Wazalendo national chairperson and the party’s presidential candidate for Zanzibar in the October 28th general election, veteran politician Seif Sharif Hamad hinted on Wednesday, Oct 20, 2020, that the party no longer recognizes Mr Bernard Membe as its presidential candidate for Oct 28th elections.

Mr Hamad’s announcement came amidst speculation on the fate of the former foreign affairs minister following ACT-Wazalendo’s top brass public endorsement of Chadema presidential candidate Mr Tundu Lissu.

The marriage between ACT-Wazalendo and Mr Membe seems to be short-lived, but how did it start? The Chanzo brings you the timeline leading up to the current situation.

Nov 30, 2018

The ruling Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) secretary-general Dr Bashiru Ally accuses Mr Membe of devising a plot “to block” President John Magufuli, CCM presidential candidate in the upcoming election, from running a second term. Summoned, Membe agrees to see Bashiru, surprised with the manner Bashiru made the demand.

July 2019

Reports of the alleged plot to block President Magufuli’s second term gains imminence. Former CCM secretary-generals Abdulrahman Kinana and Yusuph Makamba issue a statement alleging of a scheme to charge them with treason. On July 20, 2019, The East African newspaper did a story, asking: Could Tanzania’s Magufuli second term bid face opposition?

December 12, 2019

CCM summons Makamba, Kinana and Membe for questioning. It followed the leaks of telephone conversations involving the three that CCM said amounted to insults against President Magufuli.

February 6, 2020

CCM Ethics and Security Committee grills Mr Membe for five hours over unspecified misconduct. He told reporters after the meeting that the meeting was constructive. He said: “[The meeting] made me a delighted person because it offered me a wonderful time to discuss both national and international issues.”

February 28, 2020

CCM expels Membe from the party, accusing him of indiscipline and violating the party’s ethics and constitution. CCM’s Ideology and Publicity Secretary Mr Humphrey Polepole said in a press conference: “The Central Committee (CC) of the National Executive Committee (NEC) has unanimously resolved that Bernard Kamillius Membe stripped of his membership of Chama cha Mapinduzi [CCM].”

June 21, 2020

Membe tells The Citizen newspaper that he was still a bona fide CCM member, saying that the CC’s proposal that he be expelled was yet to be endorsed by the NEC as required by CCM’s constitution. CCM, however, says the decision had all the blessings from NEC. CCM’s political affairs and international relations secretary, Colonel Lubinga told the paper: “Statements attributed to Mr Membe in the recent past smack of ideological and political immaturity. The fact is that he has been expelled, and he should either wait and see whether he will be pardoned, or he should apply for membership afresh.Let him know that we are far from being troubled or intimidated by his utterances.”

June 30, 2020

ACT-Wazalendo party leader Zitto Kabwe welcomes Membe to the party. In an internal party meeting in Lindi, Mr Kabwe said: “But [Membe] must understand, from the way our country goes right now, the way poverty has increased tremendously in our country, the way the government of [CCM] has impoverished the people of South, the way democracy is undermined in [Tanzania] it will be treasonous for Bernard Kamillius Membe to continue to insist on remaining with CCM membership.”

July 6, 2020

Membe returns CCM membership card at the party’s ward offices in Rondo-Chiponda, Lindi Region, and a dozen others join him. He declares his interest to run for the presidency. He says: “We’ll join a political party and run for the country’s top leadership, for the presidency of the United Republic of Tanzania. This year [2020] in October.”

July 16, 2020

Membe officially joins ACT-Wazalendo.

August 2, 2020

Membe appointed as ACT-Wazalendo’s Chief Advisor, a position previously held by Mr Hamad, who was made the party’s national chairperson.

August 5, 2020

ACT-Wazalendo general congress endorses Membe for the presidency of Tanzania. An analysis by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), however, noted that it would be “a tall order for him to unseat Magufuli even as a united opposition candidate.” ISS also said that Membe’s likely entry into the presidential race “doesn’t give the opposition much of a chance.”

September 15, 2020

After not being seen campaigning for days, with people questioning his whereabouts, Membe emerges, saying he’s ready to go back to the campaign. He says he was in Dubai for a critical meeting.

September 21, 2020

Membe’s candidacy in the 2020 presidential election is threatened by the uncertainties that surround ACT-Wazalendo’s position on which candidate the party endorses for the highest office. Government-owned Daily News newspaper reported on September 22, 2020, that the uncertainty followed statements by ACT-Wazalendo Deputy Secretary-General for Zanzibar, Nassoro Mazrui that the party is considering supporting Chadema presidential candidate Mr Tundu Lissu.

October 16, 2020

ACT-Wazalendo party leader Zitto Kabwe endorses Chadema’s presidential candidate Tundu Lissu during a campaign rally in Kigoma, saying his vote for presidency will go to Tundu Lissu. Mr Kabwe pens an opinion for the South African-based newspaper, Daily Maverick defending his decision to vote for Mr Lissu, writing: “This is the right thing to do for the future of our country and its people. We cannot afford five more years of repression, human rights abuses, violations of our core freedoms and the entrenchment of so many Tanzanians in a vicious cycle of poverty and hopelessness.”

October 19, 2020

Membe holds a press conference in Dar es Salaam, saying he’s still ACT-Wazalendo’s presidential candidate. Among other things, Mr Membe assured his supporters and Tanzanians in general that he was still a legitimate presidential candidate. He says: “I, Bernard Kamillius Membe, am a legitimate presidential candidate with ACT-Wazalendo.”

October 20, 2020

Mr Hamad holds a press conference, saying he was saddened with what Mr Membe had said. He says: “And let me tell you that when brother Membe came to our party, we told him, from early on, we told him clearly that the party’s congress resolves that we have to cooperate with other parties. By [running for president] will you, when we choose to cooperate with other parties, accept it? [Membe] said yes, I would.”

It is not clear at this moment how this development will unfold. With hardly one week remaining before the polls, will Membe drop from the race and endorse Lissu or will he persist in running as a candidate not supported by his party?

As they say, time will prove everything!






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